The use of animals as subjects in experimental research has long been the subject of serious debate. The popular press often bombards us with images of abuse and maltreatment. To many, it may appear as if scientists and research institutions are under no moral, ethical, experimental, or legal obligation to tend to the welfare of their animal subjects. This assignment is designed to teach you the actual conditions under which experimental animals are currently used.
Part One: Research
By using books, journal and magazine articles, newspaper stories, and the Internet, collect information on the use of animals as subjects in experimental research. Look for information from both sides of the debate (i.e. find information from the animal rights activists, as well as those who justify the use of animals in science). You should look for answers to the following questions (and any others that you wish to pursue).
1) What are the laws established by our government to protect the welfare of experimental subjects? What branch of the government oversees that this federal legislation is carried out?
2) What organizations are involved in developing techniques to decrease the number of animals used during an experiment or finding alternatives to the use of live animals?
3) Why are animals used in research? What is the value of using animals in research?
4) Is there a difference between animal rights and animal welfare?
5) When research is carried out at a university, what committee is set up to protect research animals? What are some of the responsibilities of this committee?
6) What medical advances have been the direct result of animal research (name at least three)?
7) How many animals are used in research each year? What percentage of these animals are rodents? Dogs and cats? Non-human primates? What percentage of animals is used for other purposes (i.e. food, furs, etc.)?
8) What is thalidomide? Why can't it be used as an argument against animal research?
Students should have a total of at least 10 sources (5 from each side of the debate). No more than 4 sources total should be from the Internet (make certain that you are using credible sources with valid and reliable information NOT opinion websites). One Internet site that I do highly recommend (although it is not necessary to use it) is www.fbresearch.org
Part Two: The Paper
After you complete your research, you should then formulate your opinions about the value of animals in research. Then, compile a three-page paper about your informed thoughts on the topic. The paper should be typed (double-spaced with acceptable margins in 12-point Times New Roman or Courier New). Students should briefly summarize the animal research debate (no more than one page) and then describe their own opinions on the matter in light of their research. Any material directly quoted from any source should be cited; however, since this is a reaction paper, there should be very little citation necessary.
Finally, an annotated bibliography should be attached to the paper. This bibliography should contain a bibliographic reference for all ten of the student's sources (or more, if necessary). After each source, the student should briefly state the contents of that reference.
(A portion of this assignment has been reproduced from another course outline. Source: Intro Neurolab)
PSY 320: BIOPSYCHOLOGY
ASSIGNMENT TWO: THE HISTORY AND FUTURE OF BIOPSYCHOLOGY
DUE DATE: March 8, 2002
Your assignment is to select one of the following people and write a one-page biography. You must sign-up for your choice on the message board at our website (psychclasses.homestead.com). Every student must sign up for this assignment by Monday, February 11th. Posts to the message board should include the course number and the name of the theorist that you have chosen to research in the subject line of the post (so that students do not have to open a post to see if their idea has already been taken). A student will receive a zero for this portion of the assignment if they do not sign up. Any student who duplicates another student's theorist will receive a zero on their assignment. Although this is a short assignment, you should still take care to carefully research the theorist you have chosen and present a report that reflects that this is a college-level assignment.
Your report must be typed (in 12-point Times New Roman or Courier New, single-spacing is acceptable). In your report (which can be done in outline format), be certain to include the following:
--The name of your historically important person
--A little biographic information (i.e. date of birth, place s/he lived, if s/he was married, etc.)
"The half of knowledge is knowing where to find knowledge."
"Success in our field is based on specialization."
The above quotes are the impetus for this assignment. Since this is an introductory class, it is, by its very nature, broad. This assignment will be your opportunity to gain some depth into a single topic in neuropsychology. Please choose one of the following topics (or another topic, if approved by the professor by Friday, March 15th) which interests you. Then, create a reference list for your topic. Please be aware that it is not necessary for you to READ any of these books, journals, etc., at this time. This will be a list to which you can refer back at a later time when you would want to peruse this information.
Your typed reference list should include:
-- A definition of the disorder that you have chosen to study
--A bibliography of as many major books on your topic as you can find (within reasonable time constraints--some topics will be easier to locate than others)
--A listing of important journals which deal with your topic
--A listing of important organizations which are devoted to your topic
--Any other sources you run across for your topic which further illuminate it
DO NOT print off bibliographic lists from the Internet and turn that in as your assignment, although you may use such lists as starting points. You may have to find out some more information about these books, journals, and organizations to make certain that they are related to the area you are researching.
Please make 21 copies of your reference list and bring them to class with you on April 19th.
Adult or Geriatric DisordersPediatric or Developmental Disorders
traumatic brain injuryhydrocephaly
Alzheimer's disease spina bifida
brain tumors syringohydromyelia
epilepsy tethered spinal cord
multiple sclerosis craniofacial abnormalities
Parkinson's disease cystic fibrosis
cerebrovascular accident Cornelia de Lange Syndrome