PSY 211: STATISTICS AND EXPERIMENTAL METHODS 1
Cheri L. Kittrell, M.A., M.A.T.
Spring Term 2002: January 22 May 10
Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays 10:00 a.m. 11:10 a.m.
Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays 11:30 p.m. - 12:40 p.m.
PSY 211 is designed to provide students with an introduction to statistical techniques and experimental methods. This class will cover statistical procedures, methodological concerns, and the APA research report format.
Heiman, G.W. (2000). Basic Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences (3rd ed.). Boston: Houghton-Mifflin.
American Psychological Association. (2001). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.). Washington, DC: APA.
Lectures will correspond with assigned readings, but will not repeat the text. The assigned readings from the text or other articles should be read prior to the class period for which they are assigned to facilitate the student's understanding of the terminology commonly used in research and statistics. In addition, a thorough reading of the assignments should stimulate questions for the student, which can then be brought out during class discussion. Examinations will cover all information required to be read by students. Attendance at lectures will provide the student with a clearer picture as to which topics are the most salient and, therefore, likely to appear on the exam.
Other Essential Equipment
Every student is required to have his or her own calculator. You must bring it with you to every class session. While I do not care what brand of calculator you purchase, it must (at the very least) have a square root key ( ). Other keys that you might find helpful are a sum key () and a squaring key (2). Many calculator companies (like Casio, for instance) make scientific calculators that have statistical functions. Obviously, these calculators are more expensive; however, some of you may find their extra expense worth it (especially if you anticipate taking more math or statistics courses as an undergraduate or graduate student). Students are responsible for carefully reading their calculator manual and learning to work their individual model. No class time will be devoted to teaching or helping students learn to use their calculator and in-class assignments and exams will not be extended for students who cannot get their calculators to work.
If there is any student who has special needs because of any disability, please go to Ms. Linda Ashburn in the Office of Student Disability Services in PH 415 (X 3302) to self-disclose and provide supporting documentation. Please feel free to discuss your disability with me in private.
I do not have an "attendance requirement," but please note that in-class participation is worth a portion of the grade and, therefore, attendance at classes is essential. It has also been my experience that it is nearly impossible to receive a good grade in a course without consistent attendance. Be advised that if you must miss a class session for any reason, it is up to the student to make arrangements to obtain the notes, assignments, and/or handouts from that class from another student. Students will not be excused from correctly completing assignments or knowing material for the exams due to absence. Please carefully choose a classmate from whom to obtain your notes or send a tape recorder to class in your absence.
Office Hours and Contact Information
I am very interested in helping students learn the material for this course. I hope that you will utilize my office hours, class website, and/or feel free to e-mail me. If you have questions about course content or other problems related to the class, you are able to contact me in the following ways:
--Office hours (for which you do not need an appointment) are held on Tuesday and Thursday from 1 p.m. until 3 p.m. in my office (PH 500). If you cannot make the office hours, you may make an appointment on the sign-up sheet outside of my office.
--You may also e-mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org to discuss any problems you are having with course material.
--You may use the link from the class website at psychclasses.homestead.com to chat with classmates, post to the bulletin board, use help links, or check on assignments.
There will be four exams, each worth 15% of the final grade. Exams will be comprised of computational exercises, multiple choice, fill-in-the-blank, matching, and short answer. There will also be four written assignments worth a total of 30%. In-class participation, pop quizzes, or homework assignments are worth the final 10%. Letter grades will be based on the following distribution:
A: 93 100A/B: 88 92B: 83 87B/C: 78 82 C: 73 77 C/D: 68 72D: 60 67 F: <60
Make-up exams will only be administered in the event of an emergency, as determined by the professor. In the event of an emergency, students should bring their excuse (i.e. hospital bill, doctor's note, etc.) to the next class meeting. Assignments are due at the beginning of the class period. Late assignments will not be accepted. If you know in advance that you will be late to or absent from a class, you may turn your assignment in EARLY to Janet Hutto in the Psychology Department office (PH 324).
Grading for the Paper: Your performance on the 4 subparts of the experimental design paper will be averaged to compose your final grade. The paper is worth 30% of your final course grade. Failure to complete a subpart will result in a zero for that grade which will severely influence the final grade for the paper.
Format: Follow APA style (as described in the APA Manual) carefully for both content and formatting. Treat your papers as manuscripts for review, not final journal publications.
Paper Review: Any student who receives less than a C on any section of the paper must go to the Saunders Writing Center and have their subsequent drafts reviewed by a tutor. Please make an appointment in advance so that you are able to have your paper reviewed in time to turn in on the due date. It is up to the student to make those arrangements. Reviewed papers must be accompanied by a signature form from a tutor from the Saunders Writing Center to state that the student has had the paper reviewed.
Guidelines for Homework Assignments
Homework will be assigned almost every class period to reinforce lecture material and text reading. Students are expected to complete each assignment and bring it to class with them on the assigned due date. Only a portion of completed homework assignments will be collected and incorporated into a student's grade.
--Homework will be assigned during lecture. It is up to the student to obtain the assignments. If a student is absent, s/he is responsible for obtaining the homework problem list and completing it by the assigned class period. Also, students are responsible for correctly copying the problem list. Students will not be excused from completing problems because the copied the list incorrectly.
--Every aspect of your work must be neat and legible. If I cannot find items or I cannot read items, the ENTIRE assignment will receive a zero.
--Use a pencil. Make sure to erase changes completely.
--Use standard (not college-ruled), loose-leaf, lined notebook paper.
--Print your name (first and last), the date, and the chapter number neatly and legibly in the upper RIGHT hand corner of the page.
--Write the number of each problem and any subparts at the LEFT margin.
--Show ALL of your work. For problems that require a written response, you must use your own words.
--Final answers should be placed next to the problem number or subpart letter designation at the left margin.
--Leave at least one blank line between problems.
--Use only the front side of the paper.
--Staple your work in the upper LEFT corner BEFORE arriving in class.
--Homework that is turned in that does not comply with ALL of the above requirements will receive a grade of zero.
Students are required to do their own work. No student should turn in any work done by someone else under the false pretense that it is his or her own work. In other words, credit should be given where credit is due. Students should not solicit ideas from other students, reproduce (even with adjustments) another student's work, copy source materials (without proper quotation and citation), or reuse materials from other classes. Students should turn in original work produced through good scholarship (i.e. utilizing research materials and texts to formulate one's own theories.) Students who plagiarize their assignments will fail the course and be referred to the Dean of Students for disciplinary procedures.
Writing Intensive Requirement
PSY 211 has been designated a "Writing Intensive" course by the University of Tampa. In order to meet these requirements, there will be several writing exercises to be completed. More detail is given below.
Written Assignments: The Research Paper
To truly understand psychology, you need to appreciate that psychology is a science. Its' theories are developed through research; hence, it is a constantly evolving field. You may be especially interested in psychological disorders, but you should understand that there are other subject areas in psychology (i.e. human development, cognition, social). What all these areas have in common is the use of statistical analysis and research methods. No matter what area of psychology is of interest to you, you will need a firm grasp of this material to understand the research in your chosen field and to contribute to the development of your field.
Psychological writing is a unique writing style. Critical thinking skills and the ability to translate your thoughts and actions into exact words takes patience and practice. Writing in APA style and communicating what psychologists expect in a research report may constitute a different form of writing than you have previously encountered. To begin learning to write like a psychologist, we will work on writing a research paper throughout the semester. This paper will be based on the experimental research design (which you will learn in class). You will complete the activity on which the paper will be based in the early part of the semester.
Each student will be writing a paper based on the same class activity, but this is NOT a group project. Each student is expected to hand in individual and unique papers. Academic dishonesty is to avoided at all costs! Be sure that your work is your own! Violations of academic integrity will be treated very seriously. Please read the plagiarism statement in this syllabus carefully.
We will discuss each part of the research paper in detail during lecture. The research paper assignment is divided as follows:
Part 1: Introduction
You will complete a full introduction in which you include all of the major components of an Introduction section, including a complete hypothesis. You will need to go to the library to use the articles that are on reserve for the Statistics classes to write your Intro.
Part 2: Method
For this section, you will use the class data, produce the analyses, and report them appropriately.
Part 3: Results and Discussion
The Results section will include a report of the hypothesis testing results. The Discussion section will place your results in context with other research and speculate on additional development of the project. As a part of this assignment, students will need to go to the library and find one new article (that has been published no later than 1999) on our paper's topic. You will then be able to add at least one new idea for further investigation in your discussion section. You will need to include a copy of the article you selected and read when you turn in Part Three.
Part 4: Revisions of all previous parts, References, and Abstract
This assignment involves revisions of all previous assignments and writing the Reference list and Abstract. Do not forget that references should have already been cited within the body of each of the preceding sections.
Please note: The professor reserves the right to reissue the course schedule with deletions, additions, or revisions during the term (based upon class progress or other mediating factors). Students are responsible for keeping up with revisions issued or discussed during class sessions.
Session:Scheduled Topic:Assignment: Jan.23 Introduction/Historical Overview Chapter 1 (pp. 2 - 6) Jan.25 Math Review/APA Manual Chapter 2 (pp. 6 - 11) Jan.28 Research Methods: Chapter 2 (pp. 15 - 36) Paradigms, Research Designs, & Reliability and Validity Feb. 4 Visual Displays Chapter 3 (pp. 42 - 65) Feb. 6 Review Feb. 8 EXAM ONE Feb. 11 Exam Review/Grade Report Feb. 13 Introduction to Descriptive Statistics Chapter 4 (pp. 69 - 72) Feb. 15 Measures of Central Tendency Chapter 4 (pp. 72 - 79) Part One: Introduction Due Feb. 18 Measures of Central Tendency (continued) Ch. 4 (pp. 79 - 92) Feb. 20 Introduction to Variability Chapter 5 (pp. 99 - 103) Feb. 22 Measures of Dispersion: Sample Ch. 5 (pp. 103 - 115) Feb. 25 Measures of Dispersion: PopulationCh. 5 (pp. 115 - 126) Feb. 27 Review Mar. 1 EXAM TWO
Mar. 4 Exam Review/Grade Report
Mar. 6 Properties of the Normal Curve Chapter 6 (pp. 131 - 157) Mar. 8 Overflow Mar. 11SPRING VACATION
Mar. 13 SPRING VACATION
Mar. 15 SPRING VACATION Mar. 18 Z-scoresChapter 6 (pp. 135 - 142) Mar. 20 Z-scores (continued) Chapter 6 (pp. 147 - 153) Mar. 22 Z-scores (continued) Chapter 6 (pp. 153 - 157) Part 2: Method Due Mar. 25CorrelationChapter 7 (pp. 164 - 178) Mar. 27Correlation (continued) Chapter 7 (pp. 178 - 188) Mar. 29Probability Chapter 9 (pp. 224 - 229) Apr. 1 Probability (continued) Handout Apr. 3 Review Apr. 5 EXAM THREE Apr. 8 Exam Review/Grade Report Apr. 10 Introduction to Inferential Statistics pp. 223, 247 250 Apr. 12Hypothesis Testing Ch. 10 (pp. 250 - 255) Apr. 15Hypothesis Testing (continued) Ch. 10 (pp. 255 - 263) Apr. 17Hypothesis Testing (continued) Ch. 10 (pp. 263 - 272) Apr. 19Single sample t-test Ch. 11 (pp. 278 - 288) Part 3: Results/Discussion Due Apr. 22Single sample t-test (continued) Ch. 11 (pp. 288 - 302) Apr. 242-group independent sample t-test Ch. 12 (pp. 308 - 320) Apr. 262-group independent sample t-test (continued) Apr. 292-group related sample t-testCh. 12 (pp. 320 - 333) May 1 2-group related sample t-test (continued) May 3 Overflow Part 4: Revisions/References/Abstract Due May 6 Review May 10EXAM FOUR (11:00 a.m. 1 p.m.)